FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE

FLUID MECHANICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND MASS TRANSFER
September 25, 2018
Gas Turbine HANDBOOK 
September 25, 2018

FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE

FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK OF MECHANICAL SCIENCE

Book Content 

Volume 1 of 2
Module 1 – Diesel Engine Fundamentals
Module 2 – Heat Exchangers
Module 3 – Pumps

Book Description

The Department of Energy Fundamentals Handbook entitled Mechanical Science was
prepared as an information resource for personnel who are responsible for the operation of the
Department’s nuclear facilities. Almost all processes that take place in the nuclear facilities involve
the use of mechanical equipment and components. A basic understanding of mechanical science is
necessary for DOE nuclear facility operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff to
safely operate and maintain the facility and facility support systems. The information in the
handbook is presented to provide a foundation for applying engineering concepts to the job. This
knowledge will help personnel more fully understand the impact that their actions may have on the
safe and reliable operation of facility components and systems.
The Mechanical Science handbook consists of five modules that are contained in two
volumes. The following is a brief description of the information presented in each module of the
handbook.

Volume 1 of 2

Module 1 – Diesel Engine Fundamentals
Provides information covering the basic operating principles of 2-cycle and 4-cycle
diesel engines. Includes operation of engine governors, fuel ejectors, and typical
engine protective features.
Module 2 – Heat Exchangers
Describes the construction of plate heat exchangers and tube and shell heat
exchangers. Describes the flow patterns and temperature profiles in parallel flow,
counter flow, and cross flow heat exchangers.
Module 3 – Pumps
Explains the operation of centrifugal and positive displacement pumps. Topics
include net positive suction head, cavitation, gas binding, and pump characteristic
curves.

Volume 2 of 2

Module 4 – Valves
Introduces the functions of the basic parts common to most types of valves.
Provides information on applications of many types of valves. Types of valves
covered include gate valves, globe valves, ball valves, plug valves, diaphragm
valves, reducing valves, pinch valves, butterfly valves, needle valves, check valves,
and safety/relief valves.
Module 5 – Miscellaneous Mechanical Components
Provides information on significant mechanical devices that have widespread
application in nuclear facilities but do not fit into the categories of components
covered by the other modules. These include cooling towers, air compressors,
demineralizers, filters, strainers, etc.
The information contained in this handbook is not all-encompassing. An attempt to present
the entire subject of mechanical science would be impractical. However, the Mechanical Science
handbook presents enough information to provide the reader with the fundamental knowledge
necessary to understand the advanced theoretical concepts presented in other subject areas, and to
understand basic system and equipment operation.

Volume 1 of 2

Volume 2 of 2

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